TREATY MADE AND CONCLUDED AT DENT & VANTINE'S CROSSINGS, MAY 28, 1851, BETWEEN O. M. WOZENCRAFT, UNITED STATES COMMISSIONER, AND THE CHIEFS AND HEAD MEN OF IOU-OL-UMNES, WECHILLAS, etc. TRIBES OF INDIANS.

ART. 4. To promote the settlement and improvement of said tribes or bands, it is hereby stipulated and agreed that the following districts of country in the State of California shall be and is hereby set apart forever, for the sole use and occupancy of the aforesaid tribes, to wit: beginning at an acute bend of the river about half a mile distant from and above this place, running thence in a due line to the elbows of Toulumne, opposite the point fixed in the former treaty, and running down in a straight line eiEht miles on said river, from thence across the Stanislaus river on a line parallel with the first, thence up the middle of said river to place of beginning, to have and to hold the said district of country for the sole use and occupancy o'f said Indian tribes forever; Provided, that there is reserved to the government of the United States the right of way.over any portion of said territory, and the right to establish and maintain any military post or posts, public buildings, school-houses, houses for agents, teachers, and such others as they may deem necessary for their use or the protection of the Indians. The said tribes or bands, and each of them, hereby engage that they will never claim any other lands within the boundaries of the United States, nor ever disturb the people of the United States in the free use and enjoyment thereof. It is expressly understood and stipulated, that the right of way heretofore specified does not include the right of ferriage free of toll on the rivers within or bounding said reservation to persons other than those in the service or employ of the United States; the latter, however, shall pass free of toll; the said ferries to be under the control of the agent for the use and benefit of said bands and tribes of Indians.

ADDITIONAL.

ART. 9. For and in consideration of the uniform friendly, honest and meritorious deportment of Captain Cornelius towards the American citizens, it is agreed and stipulated that the tract of land on which he now resides is hereby set apart for the sole use and occupancy of himself and his people, but not as a grant in fee simple, bounded as follows: beginning at a point on the northeast side of the Touolumne river, one quarter of a mile below How's ferry, running thence down said river three miles, thence out and back to the place of beginning, embracing a square of three miles; and in further consideration of his appreciation of our form of government, we hereby present him with an American flag, it being the first request made by him to us.

These articles to be binding on the contracting parties when ratified and confirmed by the President and Senate of the United States.

In testimony whereof, the parties have hereunto signed their names and affixed their seals, this twenty-eighth day of May, in the year of our Lord one thousand eight hundred and fifty-one.

O. M. WOZENCRAFT

For and in behalf of the Iou-ol-umnes.

CORNELIUS, his x mark.
SALA-DO-NIA, his x mark.

For and in behalf of the We-Chillas.

WE-CHILLA, his x mark.
JOSE-TRIN-I-DAD, his x mark.
LU-TEE-MA, his x mark.
FRANCISCO, his x mark.
NEN-TU-IA, his x mark.
MANUEL, his x mark.
IRAN-KA-LINO, his x mark.
MANUEL, his x mark. (Grande.)

For and in behalf of the Suc-caahs.

SUC-CAAH-KE, his x mark.
YOU-IT-KA, his x mark.

For and in behalf of the Co-to-pla-ne-mis. 

PA-KI-NO, his x mark.
FE-RE-SETO, his x mark.

For and in behalf of the Chao-Dah-sims.

FE-LIPPE, his x mark.
NI-C0-LAS, his x mark.

For and in behalf of the Sage-wom-nes.

YO-MIL-L0, his x mark.

Signed, sealed and delivered, after being fully explained, in presence of:

  • E. S. Lowell, Secretary,
  • A. Johnson, Agent,
  • F. Belcher,
  • John C. Dent,
  • S. D. Ent.